Day 2 :
University of Bari, Italy
Keynote: Innovative techniques in donkey farm management for enhancing animal welfare and production
Time : 09:00-09:30
Pasquale De Palo, DVM, since 2004 is Assistant Professor and Researcher of Animal Science at the Department of Veterinary Medicine of Bari University “A. Moro” (Italy). One of his main research topic in the last ten years has been the study of meat and milk production by equids (horses and donkeys). He is involved also in research topics dealing with ruminants welfare and production. He is member of the Italian Animal Science Association and of the European Association of Animal Production. Besides, he is author of 35 international scientific papers indexed by the main bibliometric database. He took part to several congresses worldwide presenting researches on equids production and welfare. He cooperates with several other research Institutes in USA, Spain, Greece, and Italy. He is reviewer for several International Journals specialized in animal science and in veterinary medicine.
Statement of the Problem: Improving animal welfare and animal production together is the whole aim of main research approaches, also in donkey farm management. First of all, introducing partial-artificially suckling technique for foals during the hours in which they are separated from their dams in order to permit milking procedures, can reduce animal stress due to fasting period. Moreover, machine milking for jennies need an habituation for animal to the new technique, considering that often these animals are habituated only to hand-milking procedures.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Trial for introducing partially-artificially suckling was conducted on 40 foals, 20 naturally suckled (NS) (as control group) and 20 partially-artificially suckled (AS) with milk replacer. During the experimental period, in vivo growing performances and blood biochemical and oxidative profile were weekly evaluated. Moreover, animals were slaughtered at 12 and 18 months (10 per group) and slaughtering performance and meat quality were evaluated. Sixty jennies were involved in an experimental design with three different habituation protocols in order to reduce stress induced by the new milking system and environment.
Findings: The AS group showed higher values of ALT, ASP and ALP (P<0.01).Suckling system affect weekly weight gain until weaning and live weight at slaughter, with higher values in AS foals (P<0.001). Meat from AS foals was characterized by lower fat content (P<0.05), higher PUFA and n6 fatty acids concentrations (P<0.01). Jennies that received a habituation protocol that emphasize the breast handling effect in milking parlor showed a faster habituation to milking procedures.
Conclusion & Significance: Partially artificially suckling can improve animal welfare and meat production, both from quantitative and qualitative point of view. Milking cluster and breast handling represents the most stressful aspect of introducing jennies into milking parlor.
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Yael Shilo-Benjamini finished Anesthesia and Pain Management Residency at the University of California Davis, and is a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. Currently, she is a Clinical Lecturer of Anesthesia at Koret School of Veterinary Medicine. She has a particular interest in perioperative analgesia, especially with the use of regional anesthesia techniques. Her research work is mostly focused on regional anesthesia, and has developed several regional anesthesia techniques for small animals.
Orbital and globe surgeries are considered to cause moderate to severe pain. Regional anesthesia techniques provide complete sensory blockade and therefore provide excellent analgesia for painful procedures. The purpose of this review is to present new regional anesthesia techniques for eye surgery that were reported in the recent veterinary literature. Methods that will be discussed include: retrobulbar anesthesia, peribulbar anesthesia, sub-Tennon’s anesthesia, and infiltration techniques. Regional anesthesia techniques were reported to be effective during eye surgeries, and are recommended for use as part of pain management in small animals.